I have been involved with two large-scale excavation projects that allow investigation of early urban patterns of behaviour: Tell es-Safi/Gath, Israel and Titriş Höyük, Turkey.
In the Levant, urbanism begins during the Early Bronze Age (EB) dating to 3600-2200 uncal. BC. The Levant is a region fundamental to our understanding of the introduction and spread of complex urbanized economies within the Near East at this time. It is one of the first regions outside of the major centers (e.g. Egypt, Mesopotamia) to experience this profound change in social, political and economic spheres, yet, relatively little is known about the nature and structure of EBA household and neighbourhood organization. The research will help increase our understanding of the formation of social and economic distinctions in early urban and complex societies. It is designed to investigate how the inhabitants of an early city organized their space and daily lives through the excavation and analysis of a non-elite residential neighbourhood, where the majority of people would have lived and worked. This research will allow us to extrapolate our findings to increase our understanding of the evolution of neighbourhoods in early urban settlements that arose in the Levant during the Early Bronze Age.