Titriş Höyük

My first attempt at investigating neighbourhood behaviour was through the analysis of the zooarchaeological remains from a site just beyond the northern end of the Levant (or Mesopotamia) in SE Turkey. The site of Titriş Höyük is located on a tributary of the Euphrates River (1996-2000) within the Karababa basin. It is the largest urban settlement in the region and was the capital of a small Early Bronze Age kingdom. The lower and outer mounds at the site are the remains of a large Early Bronze Age city, sections of which were excavated in broad horizontal exposures. Excavations occurred over a 10 year period (1991-1999) and were directed by Guillermo Algaze, Dept. of Anthropology, University of California, San Diego, USA. The zooarchaeological remains from the site are under analysis at the University of Manitoba.

The goal of my research program was to compare the fauna from different parts of the site in order to investigate if there were status or economic differences between the neighbourhoods. The results provided insight into the economy of the site and nature of neighborhoods in early urban environments.

Two large areas of the site were extensively excavated, with archaeological remains that suggested there were differences in socio-economic organization between neighborhoods. The zooarchaeological remains were used to independently test this observation. An absence of substantial evidence for inequality or distinctiveness was found between the neighborhoods with respect to animal remains. (i.e., taxa, age, and body parts). Domestic stock was not preferentially provisioned to consumers according to the neighbourhood in which they lived. Distance from the center of the site (acropolis) was not a factor in provisioning of animal products between neighbourhoods.

More information about the is located at http://www3.uakron.edu/titris/.

 

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