The second project to focus on neighbourhood behaviour is at Tell es-Safi/Gath, Israel. Biblically, Tell es-Safi is also known as Gath of the Philistines. While Tell es-Safi is most famous for its Iron Age inhabitants (the Philistines) and their famous champion (the giant Goliath who battles with David farther up the Elah valley), it was also one of the largest EBA sites in the region (c. 24 ha). It probably represents a first or second tier administrative centre in the political and economic regional hierarchy.
Beginning in 2004, remains of a well-preserved EB neighbourhood were discovered by Itzhaq Shai on the eastern edge of the Tell that were not deeply buried by later layers of occupation. Beginning in 2008, a systematic program of investigation of the EB occupation at the site began. It is being conducted in three phases:
The goal of this project is to investigate a well-preserved EB III neighbourhood at Tell es-Safi, Israel. This project is conducted in partnership with Prof. Aren Maeir (CoPI) from Bar-Ilan University, Israel (Partner Institution).